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Legal news for 2021

We were expecting the turn of the year with hopes of a return to normal. Whether 2021 will bring it, we do not yet know, but we do know that it will again bring many legal innovations and changes. Whether it’s changes to employment law, new rules on digitalisation, or even the new administrative zoning of the state – you’ll have an information head start with us.

Právní novinky roku 2021 - co nás čeká
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Changes in labour law

We have already informed you about the amendment to the Labour Code from last year. As of 1 January 2021, the amendment will make the calculation of holidays based on hours worked, not days, fairer.

Since the beginning of the year, the minimum wage has also been increased again, to CZK 15,200 per month. Along with it, the guaranteed wage for individual groups is also rising, e.g. doctors will have a minimum guaranteed wage of CZK 27,500 and payroll accountants CZK 22,600.

Real estate

In the area of real estate, we expect, of course, especially a new construction law, but this is not yet in sight, and the presented versions raise concerns. However, there have been other important changes. To qualify for income tax exemption in the case of the sale of selected real estate, such as holiday buildings or forests, it will now be necessary to meet a time test of 10 years between the acquisition of ownership and the sale. Previously, the time test of 5 years applied.

However, it is now also possible to “exempt” these transfers from tax if the taxpayer uses the proceeds to provide for his or her own housing needs.

The extension of the time test applies to real estate acquired from 1 January 2021 onwards, with the date of filing the application for entry in the Land Register being decisive. We wrote about this earlier in connection with the abolition of the real estate acquisition tax.

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Digitization

Since the beginning of the year, part of the new Digital Service Rights Act has also been in force. The Act gives individuals the right to communicate digitally with the authorities and the authorities the obligation to deal with their requests digitally. It should also resolve the long-standing mischief whereby authorities have often asked citizens for data that they can find out for themselves in public registers.

The new regulation also develops the so-called banking identity. This means that we will be able to log in to the state’s digital services in the same way as we do to our online banking, using the same details.

New territorial division

The new legislation replaces several existing laws on the territorial division of the state. The 1960s zoning system will cease to be valid and the so-called large regions (West Bohemia, North Bohemia, etc.), whose use has disappeared over time, will cease to exist once and for all. However, only in various social games or quizzes will it be useful to know that districts remain as a formal territorial unit, although individuals are practically unaffected.

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Author of the article

JUDr. Ondřej Preuss, Ph.D.

Ondřej is the attorney who came up with the idea of providing legal services online. He's been earning his living through legal services for more than 10 years. He especially likes to help clients who may have given up hope in solving their legal issues at work, for example with real estate transfers or copyright licenses.

Education
  • Law, Ph.D, Pf UK in Prague
  • Law, L’université Nancy-II, Nancy
  • Law, Master’s degree (Mgr.), Pf UK in Prague
  • International Territorial Studies (Bc.), FSV UK in Prague

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