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What can’t a landlord afford?

It is true that today there is generally a shortage of apartments and landlords often take advantage of this when negotiating a lease. This situation, which is occurring today, is mitigated by the Civil Code, which protects the weaker party to the contract, i.e. the tenant.

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The landlord cannot prohibit the tenant from bringing visitors to the apartment. If there is a clause in the tenancy agreement prohibiting the tenant from receiving visitors in the flat, this clause is invalid. The tenant is not obliged to respect the landlord’s contractual or verbal prohibition on visitors and does not have to report the visits to the landlord in any case.

It should be said, however, that in practice it can be difficult to distinguish between a visitor and a person who is a permanent member of the tenant’s household. The line can be quite thin. For example, if a tenant starts dating someone. What was initially an evening visit turns into a weekend visit and then a multi-day visit. In terms of distinguishing a visitor from a member of the tenant’s household, it is possible to be guided by just how long the person has been in the flat. If the person starts living with the tenant permanently, the landlord’s consent is required.

Can smoking be banned in the flat?

Every tenant has the freedom to choose to smoke. The landlord has no right to restrict this freedom of his tenants and cannot prohibit tenants from smoking in the flat. Nevertheless, many landlords often include a no-smoking policy in lease agreements. Only if the smoke coming from the apartment would unreasonably disturb, for example, the neighbours from above, can they demand that smoking be refrained from, for example, on the balcony.

On the other hand, smoking in the apartment can make the apartment smell unpleasant. The landlord can, of course, demand that the tenant restore everything to its original condition and, as part of this, have the sofas, carpets and the whole flat professionally cleaned, for example. Such an obligation in the case of an unpleasant smelling apartment can also be written into the contract. As a rule, the tenant will think twice about taking a few steps outside the house.

And what if the landlord doesn’t like pets?

The tenant has the right to keep an animal in the apartment as long as it does not cause undue hardship to the landlord or other residents of the building. Therefore, the lease cannot restrict the tenant from keeping pets. It can only subsequently require the tenant to compensate for the increased costs caused by keeping the animal.

If there is a clause in the tenancy agreement prohibiting the keeping of animals, it is not taken into account at all. The tenant is therefore free to keep the animal. This is also true of other unreasonable provisions restricting the tenant.


Here the law actually distinguishes between two types of subletting

    a) if the tenant lives permanently in the apartment, he can sublet part of the apartment without the landlord’s consent (this does not mean that he does not have to report this fact to the landlord),
    b) if the tenant does not live in the flat with the subtenants and sublets the whole flat – he needs the landlord’s consent to do so.

If the tenant allows a third party, for example a subtenant, to use the property, he is liable to the landlord for the actions of that person in the same way as if he had used the property himself.

Real Estate Purchase or Sale

We provide a complete package of services for both landlords and tenants. We will draft or review all lease/rental contracts, help with extension or termination of lease, and make sure everything takes place smoothly and without legal complications. You’re also welcome to pay after services are provided.

Tip: The rent is one of the most important parts of the rental agreement. In our separate article we focus on it, especially from the landlord’s point of view. Before signing a lease agreement, you should think carefully about how and how much rent you want to pay and whether and how you want to increase it in the future. If you have already signed a contract but the tenant refuses to pay, we can advise you on how to proceed.

Who does the landlord enter into a contract with?

The decision is up to the landlord, but the landlord must not violate anti-discrimination law and must ensure equal opportunity for all. Thus, not allowing people such as smokers, pregnant women, students, or people from a certain ethnic group to view the apartment may be discriminatory, and they can then take legal action for damages.

At the end of the tenancy, the tenant must hand over the flat to the landlord in the same condition as when they took it over; normal wear and tear is not taken into account. This means, for example, that the carpets are not like new but used, the sofa or other furnishings are faded, or the paint is dull where it has been used.

However, nails in the walls will no longer be normal wear and tear and the walls may be considered to be sealed and painted. The tenant must carry out routine maintenance of the flat, which includes repairing plaster or wallpapering. Again, it is advisable to set out the regime for such maintenance in the contract.

Tip: Are you happy with your tenant and want to extend their lease? We will advise you on how to draw up a lease extension and what must be included in the so-called lease amendment. We will explain whether the amendment changes anything significant in the contract. But we will also tell you what to do if you want to end a tenancy with a problem tenant.

Are you solving a similar problem?

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Real Estate Purchase or Sale

We provide a complete package of services for both landlords and tenants. We will draft or review all lease/rental contracts, help with extension or termination of lease, and make sure everything takes place smoothly and without legal complications. You’re also welcome to pay after services are provided.

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Author of the article

JUDr. Ondřej Preuss, Ph.D.

Ondřej is the attorney who came up with the idea of providing legal services online. He's been earning his living through legal services for more than 10 years. He especially likes to help clients who may have given up hope in solving their legal issues at work, for example with real estate transfers or copyright licenses.

  • Law, Ph.D, Pf UK in Prague
  • Law, L’université Nancy-II, Nancy
  • Law, Master’s degree (Mgr.), Pf UK in Prague
  • International Territorial Studies (Bc.), FSV UK in Prague

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