The five most common questions about maternity leave

We come across questions about maternity leave quite often. We’ve selected the five most common topics you’re interested in and prepared answers to save you time in the future.

Mladá rodina diskutující o prodloužení mateřské dovolené
5 minutes of reading

Chapters of the article

  1. How can I take maternity leave?
  2. How much is maternity leave and can I influence the amount?
  3. When do I start maternity leave and what is its length?
  4. Ordinary leave after maternity leave
  5. Is a self-employed person entitled to maternity leave?

How can I take maternity leave?

Maternity leave is paid by the Czech Social Security Administration. The application for maternity leave is made on a form issued to you by your attending gy naecologist. He or she will also fill in Part A of the form with the expected date of delivery, which will determine the possible start of your maternity leave. You then fill in the required information in Part B.

You can then hand the form to your employer, who will forward it to the relevant district social security office. the self-employed person can apply for maternity leave at the relevant district social security office, both in person and electronically.
The application for the benefit is submitted on the prescribed form Application for Maternity Benefit. However, do not look for a template on the internet. The form is only available in printed form at the district social security office.

Can't find a solution to your maternity leave problem?

Write to us and describe your problem. Our specialists will assess your case and develop a solution within 24 hours. If you then decide to entrust the solution in our hands, you have a free proposal.

How much is maternity pay and can I influence the amount?

You are entitled to 70% of the reduced daily assessment base per calendar day while caring for your baby. The daily reference amount is calculated as the sum of your gross income divided by the number of calendar days (usually calculated on the last 12 months’ income, taking into account excluded days such as sickness etc.). As with ordinary sickness benefit, income is then reduced using three reduction thresholds.

In 2024, we will see an increase in maternity pay as the reduction thresholds and the length of maternity leave will increase as follows:

  • 100 % reduction up to CZK 1 466,
  • above CZK 1 466 to CZK 2 199, a reduction of 60%,
  • above CZK 2 199 to CZK 4 397, a reduction of 30%,
  • above CZK 4 397 is not taken into account.

It is then possibleto influence the amount of maternity leave provided you are able to influence your income. Theoretically, you can apply for a higher salary before or during pregnancy or get another well-paid position that you have avoided so far for some reason. In reality, however, it is probably not so easy to purposefully influence the salary and consequently the amount of maternity pay, and it is more likely to stay with the theory.

Tip: We have discussed the calculation of maternity leave in detail in a separate article.

When to start maternity leave and what is its length?

The start of your maternity leave is based on your doctor’s date of birth. You can go on maternity leave six to eight weeks before this date. It is then up to you to start your maternity leave within this period.

The length of maternity leave has remained unchanged for years, so in 2024 it will continue to be 28 weeks for the birth of one child. Only mothers of two or more children can have their maternity leave extended. In this case, maternity leave is 37 weeks. In order to determine the date on which maternity leave ends, it is therefore sufficient to add the relevant number of weeks to the date on which maternity leave begins.

If the child is born prematurely, before the official legal start date, maternity leave starts at that point.The start of maternity leave is the start of the so-called “support period”, during which you are also entitled to cash assistance.

Because of the frequent confusion between maternity and parental leave, we also see questions about ‘three years’ maternity leave’ and ‘four years’ maternity leave’. In this case, however, it may be exclusively parental leave following maternity leave. It is indeed possible to choose the length of time you stay at home with your child, either one, two, three or four years.

Ordinary leave after maternity leave

Maternity leave (as opposed to parental leave) is treated as work for the purposes of holiday entitlement. If you are employed before taking leave, your maternity leave counts towards your days worked and you are also entitled to ordinary leave. This can be taken before you start parental leave if you plan to do so.

You must ask for it yourself as a prerequisite. You do not need to find a special template to apply for it. You just need to comply with a few requirements. The application must be in writing and addressed to your employer and must include the date, place and your signature.

The request must be made before you start your regular leave, i.e. no later than the date your maternity leave ends, in which case your employer must comply with your request. However, if you do not apply on time, you will not lose your leave, but you cannot determine when it will be taken.

Tip: If you are interested in the possibility of earning extra money while on maternity leave, we recommend our article on this topic.

Is a self-employed person entitled to maternity leave?

Maternity leave is covered by sickness insurance benefits. However, its payment is not compulsory for self-employed. However, any entrepreneur can volunteer to pay sickness insurance.

Entrepreneurial mothers are entitled to maternity pay if they have paid sickness insurance for at least 270 days (nine months) in the two years prior to taking maternity leave, including at least 180 days (six months) in the last year. This length of payment is intended to prevent the expectant mother from paying sick pay on purpose only when she finds out she is pregnant. She may do so, of course, because she is worried about a common illness, but even then she will not be entitled to sick pay until three months after the payments begin.

A female entrepreneur who satisfies the above condition for sick pay payments can draw cash assistance, like an employee, from the eighth week (and no later than the sixth week) before the due date of childbirth. Here too, the entitlement to payment is 28 weeks (or 37 weeks in the case of more than one child).

Are you solving a similar problem?

Dostupný advokát team of online lawyers will solve it for you.

Solutions Tailored for You

Our team of experienced attorneys will help you solve any legal issue. Within 24 hours we’ll evaluate your situation and suggest a step-by-step solution, including all costs. The price for this proposal is only CZK 690, and this is refunded to you when you order service from us.

Preset Prices
All services pre-priced for no surprises.
We Do Everything Online
Save time, money and the hassle of travel.
We Work Fast
90 % of issues get solved by the following day.
Experienced Team
We have specialists for every field of law.

Has this content helped you? Give it a rating

No rating yet. Be first to rate and help others.

Article topic:

Author of the article

JUDr. Ondřej Preuss, Ph.D.

Ondřej is the attorney who came up with the idea of providing legal services online. He's been earning his living through legal services for more than 10 years. He especially likes to help clients who may have given up hope in solving their legal issues at work, for example with real estate transfers or copyright licenses.

Education
  • Law, Ph.D, Pf UK in Prague
  • Law, L’université Nancy-II, Nancy
  • Law, Master’s degree (Mgr.), Pf UK in Prague
  • International Territorial Studies (Bc.), FSV UK in Prague

Reviews of the Dostupný advokát service

Recenze služby

PhDr. Helena Hoffmanová, Prague

before 4 years

I lease and sublease properties professionally and have been working with Dostupný advokát regularly long term. I especially appreciate their reliability. I also admire the flexibility and professionalism of their online legal service. But what I value most is that they are always on top of the latest news. With Dostupný advokát I can feel (zobrazit více) confident because I know that my business is always covered.

Recenze služby

Monika Holcátová, Prague

before 3 years

Your reputation is well deserved. All our contracts were done quickly and accurately. In addition, Dostupný advokát explained the legal regulations for our property easement, which I found critical to our success because as a layman I had no idea what problems that could cause us. I have no suggestions for improving your service, because (zobrazit více) I am completely satisfied.

Recenze služby

Lucia Tóthová, Prague

before 3 years

We chose the premium package because it promised a fast reply within 24 hours, and we needed help quickly. A few hours after sending our order, Dostupný advokát called us. After discussing our issue and agreeing on the next steps, we felt confident in how the whole procedure would go since we had never experienced (zobrazit více) it before. We appreciate their patience.

View All Testimonials

You could also be interested in

About us in public media
Logo Česká advokátní komora Logo Advokátní kancelář roku 2023 a 2024
Follow the news
Facebook Dostupný advokát Twitter / X Dostupný advokát