Logo Advokátní kancelář roku 2023

Salary grades of civil servants

If you’re about to take up a job in the public sector, then you’ll have wondered how your pay is actually determined. Or maybe you’re just curious about how much teachers or doctors make. In today’s article, we’ll look at what salary scales are, who they apply to, and what allowances exist for public servants.

8 minutes of reading

Chapters of the article

What are salary scales and who are they for?

Salary scales are a system that determines the basic salaries of public sector employees based on their position, qualifications and length of service. This system is based on a legislative framework that defines how salaries are to be calculated and adjusted. The legal regulation of salary scales can be found in the Civil Service Act and the Labour Code.

The salary scales are divided into different grades and steps. Each grade corresponds to a certain group of employees with similar qualifications or job duties. Within each grade, individual steps are defined to reflect length of experience.

The salary scales are intended to ensure fair and transparent remuneration for work in the public sector. At the same time, they allow employees to see the possibilities for their salary growth depending on their experience and qualifications. They are regularly updated to reflect changes in the economy, inflation and other factors affecting the value of work.

Pay scales do help ensure fairness in many fields. On the other hand, they can lead to a shortage of professionals. In the IT sector, for example, salary tables have no chance of competing with the private sector.

Civil servants and grading

If we take the term civil servant literally, then it refers only to employees in a service relationship, working directly for the State. However, civil servants are often also considered to be persons in regular employment who do not work directly for the State but are employed in the public sector (e.g. doctors in state hospitals or social workers in state organisations). Their salary scales and classification into grades and groups vary considerably. Let us therefore look at the different types of civil servants.

Do you have a legal question about pay scales?

Email us and you will have aresponse from one of our attorneyswithin 48 hours .

Civil servant in a service relationship

The Civil Service Act defines a civil servant as a natural person who has been recruited and assigned to a civil service post or appointed to a superior post to perform one of the following activities:

  • drafting legislation and providing legal services,
  • drafting international treaties and regulations of the European Union or of another international organisation,
  • drafting concepts, strategies and programmes,
  • managing and directing the activities of other administrative authorities, organisational units of the State which are not administrative authorities or public authorities which are not administrative authorities,
  • the creation and management of public administration information systems pursuant to another law, with the exception of operational information systems,
  • the State Statistical Service,
  • the administration of the State budget chapter vis-à-vis organisational units of the State and legal persons, with the exception of the service office in which the service is performed,
  • protection of classified information,
  • ensuring the defence of the State,

Tip: Not qualified for your dream job? Consider retraining. The Job Centre can be a big help. It can save you tens of thousands on retraining courses. Find out exactly how this works in our article on retraining from the Job Centre.

  • ensuring internal order and security,
  • defending the foreign interests of the Czech Republic and the interests of the Czech Republic arising from its membership of the European Union or another international organisation,
  • the preparation or implementation of subsidy policy,
  • the preparation or implementation of research and development policy,
  • preparation and implementation of administrative acts, including control,
  • protection of the population, crisis management and the integrated rescue system,
  • public procurement,
  • audit,
  • ensuring the organisational affairs of the service and the management of service relations and the remuneration of civil servants,
  • management of the activities referred to in points (a) to (r),
  • the preparation and drafting of expert factual documents for the activities referred to in points (a) to (d), (g), (k) to (n) and (p), with the exception of documents consisting of physical measurements, chemical analyses or the comparison and determination of technical parameters,
  • preparation for foreign service.

A civil servant is therefore a person in the service who takes the oath of office on taking up his or her duties. This includes civil servants in a service relationship, members of the armed forces (e.g. soldiers) and security forces (e.g. firefighters, police and customs). The amount of salary is determined on the basis of the difficulty of the work entrusted to them, which determines their grade, and the length of experience, which determines their grade.

Tip: Do you want to terminate your service? Don’t rely on the templates for termination of service that are freely available on the internet. They may contain errors and cost you time and money unnecessarily. Contact us instead. With us, you can be sure that your termination will be valid and you will not lose anything you are entitled to.

State employee in an employment relationship

These are employees working in the public sector under a contract of employment. This includes, for example:

  • Teachers in public schools and other educational institutions.
  • Health workers working in public hospitals and clinics.
  • Off-duty civil servants working in ministries and other government departments involved in the formulation and implementation of public policies, administration of public services and other administrative tasks.
  • Judges and prosecutors working in the judicial system.

Grade classification

The basic classification in grade is determined on the basis of the highest level of education attained as follows:

Salary grade Educational qualifications
1. - 2nd grade primary education or basic education
3. grade secondary education
4. grade secondary education or secondary education with an apprenticeship certificate
5. grade secondary education with a certificate of training
6. grade secondary education with leaving examination or secondary education with a certificate of education
7. - 8th grade secondary education with leaving certificate
9. grade higher vocational education or secondary education with a school-leaving certificate
10. grade university degree or higher vocational training
11. - 12th grade a university degree or a bachelor's degree
13. - 16th grade university degree in a master's programme

But the complexity of the work also plays a role. This is determined separately for each field of work (e.g. education, where teachers’ salaries fall, or health, where doctors’ and nurses’ salaries fall). You can find out how the salary grade in your field is determined in the Government Regulation on the catalogue of jobs in public services and administration. In addition to grades, there are also salary steps. These are determined by length of experience. Salary increases with increasing experience.

Supplements for civil servants

In addition to the fixed salaries, some civil servants are also entitled to various types of allowances:

  • Management allowance: this is an allowance for employees in managerial positions. It is based on the difficulty of the work and the level of management and ranges from 5 to 60 % of the salary of the highest grade in the grade to which the employee belongs. An allowance is also payable to the deputy head of the staff member.
  • Night work allowance: For night work, civil servants shall receive a supplement of 20 % of their average hourly earnings.
  • Weekend allowance: Civil servants shall also receive an allowance for weekend work at the rate of 25% of their average hourly earnings.
  • Holiday pay: For work on public holidays, a civil servant shall be entitled to a day’s compensatory leave or a supplement equal to his average hourly earnings.
  • Overtime allowance: The amount of the overtime allowance depends on the type of work, the day in question and whether the employee also receives a day of compensatory time off. Thus, the premium can be either 25 % or 50 %. However, other related allowances may be added on top of this.
  • Hardship allowance: In this case, the supplement is at least 5% of the minimum monthly wage. This is set at CZK 18 900 in 2024.
  • Special supplement: This is a supplement granted to employees performing work involving exceptional psychological stress, risk to life and health or difficult working conditions. This type of work is subsequently divided into five groups according to its difficulty, each of which has a range for the amount of the special supplement. The supplement thus ranges from CZK 500 to CZK 10 000 per month.
  • Supplement for split shift: If a civil servant has a shift split into two or more parts, he is entitled to a supplement of 30% of his average hourly earnings. A shift shall be deemed to be split if it has a minimum of two hours’ downtime between the individual parts or in aggregate.
  • Personal allowance: A personal allowance, or personal assessment, is payable to employees who perform very well or perform a greater range of tasks than other employees. The personal allowance may be up to 50 % of the salary scale of the highest step in the grade to which the staff member is assigned. In some cases, a supplement of up to 100 % of the salary scale may be granted. However, this applies only to a staff member who is an outstanding, generally recognised professional and performs work at grades 10 to 16.
  • Teachers’ allowance: Teachers are entitled to an allowance of twice their average hourly earnings if they carry out teaching activities in excess of the prescribed range. They are also entitled to a supplement if they carry out other specialised activities for which they need additional qualifications. The supplement in this case amounts to CZK 1 000 to 2 000 per month.
  • Remuneration: civil servants may also receive remuneration from their employer. These are usually given for completing extra tasks or completing a significant or demanding work task. The amount depends on the employer.

Are you solving a similar problem?

Dostupný advokát team of online lawyers will solve it for you.

Consultation with a lawyer

Looking for an answer to a specific legal question? Email us and you will have an answer from one of our attorneys within 48 hours. We have specialists in all areas of law and guarantee the high level of expertise of our attorneys.

Preset Prices
All services pre-priced for no surprises.
We Do Everything Online
Save time, money and the hassle of travel.
We Work Fast
90 % of issues get solved by the following day.
Experienced Team
We have specialists for every field of law.

Has this content helped you? Give it a rating

No rating yet. Be first to rate and help others.

Author of the article

JUDr. Ondřej Preuss, Ph.D.

Ondřej is the attorney who came up with the idea of providing legal services online. He's been earning his living through legal services for more than 10 years. He especially likes to help clients who may have given up hope in solving their legal issues at work, for example with real estate transfers or copyright licenses.

Education
  • Law, Ph.D, Pf UK in Prague
  • Law, L’université Nancy-II, Nancy
  • Law, Master’s degree (Mgr.), Pf UK in Prague
  • International Territorial Studies (Bc.), FSV UK in Prague

Reviews of the Dostupný advokát service

Recenze služby

Ms Magic, Google reviews

before 3 years

Fast and professional solutions for most normal legal needs at affordable, preset prices. Seriously, what could be better than that? While it sounds ‘too good to be true,’ I’m happy to report that the staff at DA are pros, and what’s more they are honestly dedicated to their awesome mission, which is to make quality (zobrazit více) Fast and professional solutions for most normal legal needs at affordable, preset prices. Seriously, what could be better than that? While it sounds ‘too good to be true,’ I’m happy to report that the staff at DA are pros, and what’s more they are honestly dedicated to their awesome mission, which is to make quality legal services affordable for the average person. I find their prices very fair when compared to what I’ve usually paid for similar services, which means I (and my family and friends) can get the legal help I need without worrying about some black hole of never-ending fees. In my own experience with DA I’ve found everyone there very responsive, and emails and calls are answered in a timely manner. Their large staff also gives me confidence that any legal needs I have can be handled professionally, as there’s always someone with experience in my particular issue. Their head attorney also writes a regular blog and keeps up with all the latest legal trends, which means they as a business stay up-to-date. As someone who’s spent a fortune over the years on legal assistance, or tried to “go it alone” when I couldn’t afford legal help, I wish Dostupny Advokat had been around a long time ago. I highly encourage anyone who needs legal help to TRY THEM FIRST!

Recenze služby

Jitka Salačová, Praha 6 – Řepy

before 3 years

In 2016 our Homeowner Association faced an unexpected event which led to the need for legal help. We reviewed many professional legal services, and chose Dostupný advokát because they remain available for contact practically anytime, without charging extra for being outside work hours. In addition, Mr. Preuss is available to speak with by phone, email (zobrazit více) and Skype, and he never fails to be respectable and discrete. We can confidently confirm the excellent quality of his service, loyalty and availability online.

Recenze služby

Monika Holcátová, Prague

before 3 years

Your reputation is well deserved. All our contracts were done quickly and accurately. In addition, Dostupný advokát explained the legal regulations for our property easement, which I found critical to our success because as a layman I had no idea what problems that could cause us. I have no suggestions for improving your service, because (zobrazit více) I am completely satisfied.

View All Testimonials

You could also be interested in

About us in public media
Logo Česká advokátní komora Logo Advokátní kancelář roku 2023
Follow the news
Facebook Dostupný advokát Twitter / X Dostupný advokát